New Mexico Saves Act: What Small Employers Need to Know

LAST REVIEWED Jan 22 2021 6 MIN READ

By The Human Interest Team

When New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham signed House Bill 44, the New Mexico Work and Save Act in February 2020, New Mexico joined other states that are rolling out legislation to help address the nationwide retirement crisis.

The New Mexico State Treasurer’s Office estimates that 67% of private-sector workers in New Mexico have nothing saved for retirement, a larger percentage than the national average of folks without any retirement savings. Without significant change, the situation isn’t projected to improve. By 2040, the number of New Mexicans 60 and older who’ve saved less than $10,000 will more than quadruple, to 469,000 people.

The legislation is designed to encourage more private-sector businesses to offer retirement plans through a state-facilitated marketplace, particularly because nearly two-thirds of New Mexico workers between the ages of 18 and 64 are employed by businesses that don’t offer a plan. For those workers whose employers don’t offer a plan, the bill also calls for the establishment of a Roth IRA savings plan overseen by a state-appointed board.

The bill requires the marketplace to open by July 1, 2021, while the state-run IRA program will become available by January 1, 2022, six months later.

Highlights of the New Mexico Work and Save Act:

Participation in the work and save program is voluntary for both employers and employees.

For employers

  • The law applies to all private-sector and nonprofit employers with a primary place of business physically located in New Mexico, regardless of size. Federal, state, or local governments and any governmental agency, department, commission, or other related entity will be exempt.

  • Employers will be able to use auto-enrollment and auto-escalation features.

  • Employer contributions to the fund will not be allowed.

  • A cap will limit fees and expenses to less than 1% of the total invested funds.

  • Employer plans offered through the newly established marketplace will generally be subject to ERISA, according to a summary of the legislation by members of Mercer’s Law & Policy Group.

  • Plans that may be offered in the marketplace include individual plans, multiple employer plans (MEPs), 401(k)s, and 403(b)s.

  • Plans in the marketplace may but will not be required to offer distribution options beyond lump-sums, such as systematic withdrawals, guaranteed lifetime withdrawal benefits, and annuities.

For employees

  • The legislation covers all full- and part-time employees of eligible employers who are at least 18 years old, as well as self-employed workers. Employees covered under a multiemployer pension plan or by the Federal Railway Labor Act are excluded.

  • Employees may be auto-enrolled in an employer’s plan but can opt out of any plan their employer joins.

  • Beginning in January 2022, workers whose employers are not offering a retirement savings plan can enroll in the state-run Roth IRA plan.

One of the state’s concerns is that Social Security benefits do not provide enough of a safety net for the many New Mexicans who haven’t built sufficient retirement savings. The state treasurer’s office notes that:

New Mexico small businesses: Get ready

Now is the time for employers to start thinking about whether they want to offer their own program. New Mexico businesses that will be adding retirement planning options and services for workers should be ready to communicate with employees and to launch the savings program sometime in 2021. To determine what makes sense for your workforce, based on the flexibility, features, and tax benefits you’re looking for.

Considering a retirement plan for your employees but not sure where to start? We can help.

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Photo by Maddy Baker on Unsplash

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Disclosures

The content in this blog post has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction. Human Interest's investment advisory services are provided by Human Interest Advisors, LLC, an SEC-Registered Investment Adviser. Investing involves risk and may result in loss. Past performance is no guarantee of future results, and expected returns may not reflect actual future performance.